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Some thoughts on the CAP post 2020

ALLAN BUCKWELL AND DAVID BALDOCK, 10 NOV 2014

Conversations about the future of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) have started in different parts of Europe as a new Commissioner takes up his post and the implications of the final version of the 2013 reform become more apparent. This short paper draws on some exploratory dialogues in which IEEP’s agriculture team has been involved over the last few months. It combines the thoughts of others with some of our own reflections, both on what to expect and what might be most welcome in any future CAP; if there will be another CAP, some might speculate. We suspect there will be.

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Hogan approved by European Parliament as new Agriculture Commissioner

HENRIETTA MENADUE, 20 OCT 2014

The European Parliament hearing for the Agriculture Commissioner-designate, Phil Hogan, took place on 2 October. Sticking mainly to the parameters set out for him in Juncker’s mission letter, Hogan focussed on the role of agriculture and its potential to contribute to growth, jobs and food security. Of relevance to the environmental agenda, Hogan showed an understanding of many the sustainability issues affecting agriculture in relation to resource management (such as protecting water and soils) and adapting to and mitigating climate change. Unfortunately, the potential of agriculture to deliver benefits for biodiversity was overlooked during the three hour hearing.

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Sustainable Intensification of European Agriculture

ALLAN BUCKWELL, 28 JUL 2014

Sustainable Intensification of existing agricultural land to avoid further degradation of natural forest, grassland and wild areas is a logical and generally accepted concept. This article looks at a recently published report which examines in some detail what sustainable intensification should mean in the context of the already intensive agriculture of the European Union which has been associated with environmental damage. The conclusion is that the emphasis must be on sustainability, but that this concept is not well served by the lack of evidence on what are truly unsustainable practices, the multiplicity of approaches to sustainability indicators, and the lack of farm-level measures and benchmarks.

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OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook for 2014-2023

HENRIETTA MENADUE, 25 JUL 2014

The annual OECD and FAO agricultural Outlook for the forthcoming decade, 2014 – 2023 was launched on 11 July. The Outlook projects a slower growth rate for consumption of agricultural products compared to the past decade. At an EU level, consumption growth will likely fall below the previous decade’s growth rate. Global agricultural production growth is projected to increase, particularly for livestock and dairy production, this implies greater demand and subsequent production of feed grains and oilseeds. This projected production growth is expected to occur mostly in Latin America, Sub-Saharan Africa, Eastern Europe (both EU and non-EU countries) and parts of Asia. Production growth in Western Europe is expected to increase very slightly. The increased crop production is expected to result predominantly from yield increases and domestic policies are also expected to have a growing influence on production levels. The projected consumption and productions trends are expected to result in slowly declining prices in real terms.

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Member State implementation of the CAP for 2015-2020 – a first round-up of what is being discussed

HENRIETTA MENADUE AND KALEY HART, 16 APR 2014

The CAP 2014-2020 legislative package was announced on 17 December 2013. The Commission adopted the delegated acts on 11 March 2014. The Council and European Parliament have a two month period from that date (until 11 May) in which they can reject them, but if there are no objections they will be adopted. The implementing regulations are expected to be adopted soon after. However, with implementation of the new direct payment arrangements coming into force on 1 January 2015, Member States have already started to consider their decisions on the many options for implementing the new Pillar 1 architecture. This article provides a broad overview of the state of play in Member States

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2014 CAP transition measures agreed

IEEP, 06 NOV 2013

The European Parliament and the Council have reached political agreement for transitional measures for the CAP for 2014 – both for direct payments and rural development. The regulations set out the technical arrangements that will apply for 2014 in advance of the new direct payments regulations coming into force in 2015 and to allow rural development funding to continue in advance of the approval of the new suite of RDPs. These extend the existing rules for one more year, although Member States will also be able to introduce a small number of elements agreed in the recent reform package.

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CAP reform is concluded with political agreement for MFF related issues

IEEP, 18 OCT 2013

The final political agreement on the CAP reform package hinged on finding common ground on three outstanding MFF related issues; the issue of degressivity, transfers between funds and higher EU cofinancing for rural development in certain areas. The outcome; EU institutions agreed to a mandatory five per cent reduction for payments exceeding €150,000, with an exemption for those Member States using more than five per cent of their national ceiling for the redistributive payment on the first hectares of land; no changes will be made to the provisions for transfers between funds to those agreed by Heads of State in February; and higher EU cofinancing rates for rural development in certain parts of the EU will be permitted.

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Co-financing remerges as crucial issue in last round of CAP negotiations

IEEP, 10 SEP 2013

Negotiations on the reform of the CAP are entering their last stage. The European Parliament is challenging the Council deal concluded in June which settled the MFF (EU spending 2014-2020) but, controversially, included commitments on aspects of the CAP as well. The EP is challenging the legitimacy of this incursion into the CAP, potentially giving rise to a further round of negotiations with the Council which may or may not be prepared to concede changes to the June deal.

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Political Agreement on the CAP – is this really a paradigm shift for the environment?

IEEP, 03 JUL 2013

Achieving a political agreement on the CAP reform last week was undeniably a huge achievement given both the controversial nature of some of the proposals and that this was the first full reform involving co-decision with the European Parliament as well as 27 Member States. However, recognition of this achievement does not detract from the fact that this is a deeply disappointing reform for the environment.

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Featured

Principles for a future CAP for the EU-27 outlined at the agricultural ministers meeting in Chambord

ANNE MARéCHAL, 20 SEP 2016

As governments from all EU Member States but the UK gathered on Friday 16 September in Bratislava to discuss the future of the European Union, a similar agriculture-focused gathering was held in Chambord, France, on 2 September 2016.

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Rural Development back on the agenda at Cork

DAVID BALDOCK, 13 SEP 2016

David Baldock sets out his view on the Cork 2 conference which he and others at IEEP attended and about what this might mean for the future of rural development policy.

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Member State choices on Pillar 1 implementation revealed

KALEY HART, 13 FEB 2015

Details of Member State decisions on aspects of Pillar 1 implementation are now available on the website of DG Agriculture and Rural Development. The information provided is a summary of the notifications provided by Member States to the Commission and represents the state of play as at 23 January 2015. It covers the basic payment (or Single Area Payment); the greening measures; the redistributive payment; support in areas with natural constraints; and coupled support. In addition the decisions made by Member States on transferring funding between Pillars are outlined.

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